Thorns as induced defenses: experimental evidence
Giraffes and the pollination ecology of knobthorns (Acacia nigrescens)
Effects of simulated shoot and leaf herbivory on vegetative growth and plant defense in Acacia drepanolobium
Are giraffes pollinators or flower predators of Acacia nigrescens in Kruger National Park, South Africa?
Symbiotic ants as an alternative defense against giraffe herbivory in spinescent Acacia drepanolobium
Browsing-induced Effects on Leaf Litter Quality and Decomposition in a Southern African Savanna