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The Ruminantia (Mammalia, Cetartiodactyla) from the Oligocene to the Early Miocene of Western Europe: systematics, plaeoecology and palaeobiogeography

54.31 MB 7 downloads


Abstract: Nowadays, the ruminants are the most ecologically diverse hoofed mammals of the world. All the extent of families (including related species from the Burdigalian) and feeding habits can be deduced from...

Author(s): Bastien Mennecart
Year: 2012
Journal: PhD Thesis
Page Numbers: 1-278
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Biomechanics of The Giraffe Larynx and Trachea

2.95 MB 3 downloads


Abstract: Despite possession of a well developed larynx and a gregarious nature, the Giraffe is able to utter only low moans or bleats. Morphological and histological examination, together with measurements of trachea...

Author(s): D.F.N. Harrison
Year: 1980
Journal: Acta Otolaryngol
Page Numbers: 258-264
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Dead Space and Tidal Volume of The Giraffe Compared With Some Other Mammals

1.10 MB 0 downloads


Abstract: The ventilation, tidal volume and anatomical dead-space were measured in a living giraffe and compared with similar in a camel, red deer, llama and man. The giraffe had a resting tidal volume of about...

Author(s): P. Hugh-Jones, C.E. Barter, J.M Hime and M.M. Rusbridge
Year: 1978
Journal: Respiration Physiology
Page Numbers: 53-58
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The systematic position of Hoplitomerycidae (Ruminantia) revisited

1.17 MB 0 downloads


Abstract: Hoplitomeryx Leinders was originally described only on cranial characters. The type specimens were found during the 1970’s in karstic fissure fillings, most likely of Messinian age, in Gargano (Apulia,...

Author(s): Paul Peter Anthony Mazza
Year: 2013
Journal: Geobios
Page Numbers: 33-42
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ON COMPARING THE BEHAVIOUR OF ZOO HOUSED ANIMALS WITH WILD CONSPECIFICS AS A WELFARE INDICATOR, USING THE GIRAFFE (GlRAFFA CAMELOPARDALIS) AS A MODEL

851.29 KB 5 downloads


Abstract: To assess the validity of using wild behavioural data as a welfare indicator for zoo animals, the time budgets of 19 captive giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis), from four zoos were compared with the time...

Author(s): J S Veasey, N K Waran and R J Young
Year: 1995
Journal: Animal Welfare
Page Numbers: 139-153
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Higher masseter muscle mass in grazing than in browsing ruminants.

340.56 KB 1 downloads


Abstract: Using cranioskeletal measurements, several studies have generated evidence that grazing ruminants have a more pronounced mastication apparatus, in terms of muscle insertion areas and protuberances, than...

Author(s): Marcus Clauss, Reinold R. Hofmann, W. Jürgen Streich, Jörns Fickel and Jürgen Hummel
Year: 2007
Journal: Oecologia
Page Numbers: 1-9
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Evolution, Ecology and Biochronology of herbivore associations in Europe during the last 3 million years

738.20 KB 4 downloads


Abstract: A study of the evolution of the herbivore community during the last three million years in Europe is proposed in this paper. The study includes the analysis of evolutionary changes of systematic and ecological...

Author(s): Jean-Philip Brugal & Roman Croitor
Year: 2007
Journal: Quaternaire
Page Numbers: 129-152
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Suidae, Tragulidae, Giraffidae, and Bovidae

3.84 MB 1 downloads


Abstract: The upper Miocene vertebrate locality of Küçükçekmece West, European Turkey, had provided an artiodactyl assemblage that is rich in species but poor in specimens. The present study allows revising...

Author(s): Dimitris S. Kostopoulos & Sevket Sen
Year: 2016
Journal: GEODIVERSITAS
Page Numbers: 273 - 298
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Using Qualitative Behaviour Assessment to Investigate Human-Animal Relationships in Zoo-Housed Giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis)

895.24 KB 3 downloads


Abstract: Human-Animal Relationships (HAR) in zoos develop from repeated interactions between animals and their caretakers. HAR have been shown to affect health and welfare in farm animals, but limited zoo-based...

Author(s): Freisha Patel, Françoise Wemelsfelder and Samantha J. Ward
Year: 2019
Journal: Animals
Page Numbers: 1-14
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Cryptosporidium muris in a Reticulated Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata)

174.75 KB 3 downloads


Abstract: Cryptosporidium spp. infection in captive exotic mammals was investigated using staining and molecular biological methods. A total of 323 fecal samples from 100 mammalian species (62 Artiodactyla, 33 Rodentia,...

Author(s): A. Kodádková , M. Kváĉ, O. Ditrich, B. Sak, and L. Xiao
Year: 2010
Journal: Journal of Parasitology
Page Numbers: 211-212