The Ruminantia (Mammalia, Cetartiodactyla) from the Oligocene to the Early Miocene of Western Europe: systematics, plaeoecology and palaeobiogeography
54.31 MB 7 downloads
Abstract: Nowadays, the ruminants are the most ecologically diverse hoofed mammals of the world. All the extent of families (including related species from the Burdigalian) and feeding habits can be deduced from...
Author(s): Bastien Mennecart
Journal: PhD Thesis
Page Numbers: 1-278
Biomechanics of The Giraffe Larynx and Trachea
2.95 MB 3 downloads
Abstract: Despite possession of a well developed larynx and a gregarious nature, the Giraffe is able to utter only low moans or bleats. Morphological and histological examination, together with measurements of trachea...
Author(s): D.F.N. Harrison
Journal: Acta Otolaryngol
Page Numbers: 258-264
Dead Space and Tidal Volume of The Giraffe Compared With Some Other Mammals
1.10 MB 0 downloads
Abstract: The ventilation, tidal volume and anatomical dead-space were measured in a living giraffe and compared with similar in a camel, red deer, llama and man. The giraffe had a resting tidal volume of about...
Author(s): P. Hugh-Jones, C.E. Barter, J.M Hime and M.M. Rusbridge
Journal: Respiration Physiology
Page Numbers: 53-58
The systematic position of Hoplitomerycidae (Ruminantia) revisited
1.17 MB 0 downloads
Abstract: Hoplitomeryx Leinders was originally described only on cranial characters. The type specimens were found during the 1970’s in karstic fissure fillings, most likely of Messinian age, in Gargano (Apulia,...
Author(s): Paul Peter Anthony Mazza
Page Numbers: 33-42
ON COMPARING THE BEHAVIOUR OF ZOO HOUSED ANIMALS WITH WILD CONSPECIFICS AS A WELFARE INDICATOR, USING THE GIRAFFE (GlRAFFA CAMELOPARDALIS) AS A MODEL
851.29 KB 5 downloads
Abstract: To assess the validity of using wild behavioural data as a welfare indicator for zoo animals, the time budgets of 19 captive giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis), from four zoos were compared with the time...
Author(s): J S Veasey, N K Waran and R J Young
Journal: Animal Welfare
Page Numbers: 139-153
Higher masseter muscle mass in grazing than in browsing ruminants.
340.56 KB 1 downloads
Abstract: Using cranioskeletal measurements, several studies have generated evidence that grazing ruminants have a more pronounced mastication apparatus, in terms of muscle insertion areas and protuberances, than...
Author(s): Marcus Clauss, Reinold R. Hofmann, W. Jürgen Streich, Jörns Fickel and Jürgen Hummel
Page Numbers: 1-9
Evolution, Ecology and Biochronology of herbivore associations in Europe during the last 3 million years
738.20 KB 4 downloads
Abstract: A study of the evolution of the herbivore community during the last three million years in Europe is proposed in this paper. The study includes the analysis of evolutionary changes of systematic and ecological...
Author(s): Jean-Philip Brugal & Roman Croitor
Page Numbers: 129-152
Suidae, Tragulidae, Giraffidae, and Bovidae
3.84 MB 1 downloads
Abstract: The upper Miocene vertebrate locality of Küçükçekmece West, European Turkey, had provided an artiodactyl assemblage that is rich in species but poor in specimens. The present study allows revising...
Author(s): Dimitris S. Kostopoulos & Sevket Sen
Page Numbers: 273 - 298
Using Qualitative Behaviour Assessment to Investigate Human-Animal Relationships in Zoo-Housed Giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis)
895.24 KB 3 downloads
Abstract: Human-Animal Relationships (HAR) in zoos develop from repeated interactions between animals and their caretakers. HAR have been shown to affect health and welfare in farm animals, but limited zoo-based...
Author(s): Freisha Patel, Françoise Wemelsfelder and Samantha J. Ward
Page Numbers: 1-14
Cryptosporidium muris in a Reticulated Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata)
174.75 KB 3 downloads
Abstract: Cryptosporidium spp. infection in captive exotic mammals was investigated using staining and molecular biological methods. A total of 323 fecal samples from 100 mammalian species (62 Artiodactyla, 33 Rodentia,...
Author(s): A. Kodádková , M. Kváĉ, O. Ditrich, B. Sak, and L. Xiao
Journal: Journal of Parasitology
Page Numbers: 211-212