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The Ruminantia (Mammalia, Cetartiodactyla) from the Oligocene to the Early Miocene of Western Europe: systematics, plaeoecology and palaeobiogeography

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Abstract: Nowadays, the ruminants are the most ecologically diverse hoofed mammals of the world. All the extent of families (including related species from the Burdigalian) and feeding habits can be deduced from...

Author(s): Bastien Mennecart
Year: 2012
Journal: PhD Thesis
Page Numbers: 1-278
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The Interrelationships of Higher Ruminant Families with Special Emphasis on the Members of the Cervoidea

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Abstract: We analyze the interrelationships of the higher (Pecoran) ruminants, and suggest possible relationships between these families and the various genera of the polyphyletic assemblage "Gelocidae." We also...

Author(s): Christine M. Janis & Kathleen M. Scott
Year: 1987
Journal: Novitates by the American Museum of Natural History
Page Numbers: 1-88
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The two types of cranial appendages in Giraffa camelopardalis (Mammalia, Artiodactyla)

1.26 MB 3 downloads


Abstract: The current consensus is that only one type of horn, the ossicone, exists in the giraffe and that the central or median horn is both structurally and developmentally similar to the paired parietal horns....

Author(s): N. Solounias & N. Tang
Year: 1990
Journal: Journal of Zoology London
Page Numbers: 293-302
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New Fossils of Giraffokeryx (Mammalia: Cetartiodactyla: Giraffidae) from Chinji Formation, Pakistan

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Abstract: This paper describes new fossils of Giraffokeryx originating from the Chinji Formation of northern Pakistan. The fossils, representing worth describing hemimandibles, are collected from the Middle Miocene...

Author(s): Khalid Mahmood, Muhammad Akbar Khan, Muhammad Khaled Siddiq, Muhammad Adeeb Babar and Muhammad Akhtar
Year: 2015
Journal: Pakistan Journal of Zoology
Page Numbers: 367-375
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Siwalik Giraffidae (Mammalia, Artiodactyla): A review

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Abstract: The article is based on the published literature regarding the family Giraffidae, particularly about the extinct Siwalik species. The provided information is collected from the previous published articles,...

Author(s): Khalid Mahmood, Muhammad Akbar Khan, Muhammad Adeeb Babar and Muhammad Akhtar
Year: 2015
Journal: Punjab University Journal of Zoology
Page Numbers: 31-36
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Comparisons of Schansitherium tafeli with Samotherium boissieri (Giraffidae, Mammalia) from the Late Miocene of Gansu Province, China

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Abstract: We are describing and figuring for the first time skulls of Schansitherium tafeli, which are abundant in the Gansu area of China from the Late Miocene. They were animals about the size of Samotherium with...

Author(s): Sukuan Hou, Michael Cydylo, Melinda Danowitz & Nikos Solounias
Year: 2019
Journal: PLOS One
Page Numbers: 1-29
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Mesowear study of ungulates from the early Pleistocene site of ‘Ubeidiya (Israel) and the implications for early Homo dispersal from Africa

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Abstract: An ongoing question in Anthropology and Archaeology focuses on the role of climate change in human evolution and particularly in the dispersal of hominins out of Africa. One of the main hypothesis posits...

Author(s): Miriam Belmaker & Haley D. O'Brien
Year: 2017
Journal: Quaternary International
Page Numbers: 1-12
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Old world ruminant morphophysiology, life history, and fossil record: exploring key innovations of a diversification sequence

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Abstract: The omasum of pecoran ruminants (which is absent in tragulids) and shorter gestation periods in non-giraffid crown pecorans (as opposed to giraffids) could represent cases of key innovations that caused...

Author(s): Marcus Clauss & Gertrud E. Rössner
Year: 2014
Journal: Annales Zoologici Fennici
Page Numbers: 80-94
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Key innovations in ruminant evolution: A paleontological perspective

1.75 MB 0 downloads


Abstract: Key innovations are newly acquired structures that permit the performance of a new function and open new adaptive zones, and are, therefore, of paramount significance for understanding the history of the...

Author(s): Daniel DeMiguel, Beatriz Azanza and Jorge Morales
Year: 2014
Journal: Journal: Integrative Zoology
Page Numbers: 412-433
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The systematic position of Hoplitomerycidae (Ruminantia) revisited

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Abstract: Hoplitomeryx Leinders was originally described only on cranial characters. The type specimens were found during the 1970’s in karstic fissure fillings, most likely of Messinian age, in Gargano (Apulia,...

Author(s): Paul Peter Anthony Mazza
Year: 2013
Journal: Geobios
Page Numbers: 33-42