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The two types of cranial appendages in Giraffa camelopardalis (Mammalia, Artiodactyla)

1.26 MB 3 downloads


Abstract: The current consensus is that only one type of horn, the ossicone, exists in the giraffe and that the central or median horn is both structurally and developmentally similar to the paired parietal horns....

Author(s): N. Solounias & N. Tang
Year: 1990
Journal: Journal of Zoology London
Page Numbers: 293-302
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Brachygnathia Superior in a New-Born Giraffe Giraffa Camelopardalis Giraffa Schreber

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Abstract: A female giraffe, the sixth calf born to a 16-year old cow, displayed a deformity known as extreme brachygnathia superior and died some hours after birth. Death was ascribed to inability to breathe freely...

Author(s): C.J. Lightfoot
Year: 1977
Journal: South African Journal of Wildlife Research
Page Numbers: 111-112
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New Fossils of Giraffokeryx (Mammalia: Cetartiodactyla: Giraffidae) from Chinji Formation, Pakistan

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Abstract: This paper describes new fossils of Giraffokeryx originating from the Chinji Formation of northern Pakistan. The fossils, representing worth describing hemimandibles, are collected from the Middle Miocene...

Author(s): Khalid Mahmood, Muhammad Akbar Khan, Muhammad Khaled Siddiq, Muhammad Adeeb Babar and Muhammad Akhtar
Year: 2015
Journal: Pakistan Journal of Zoology
Page Numbers: 367-375
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Characterization of Giraffe Ear Disease in Mikumi - Selous Ecosystem

45.22 MB 1 downloads


Abstract: A study on GED was conducted in the Mikumi - Selous ecosystem with an overall objective of finding the cause and predisposing factors. Giraffes were examined for change in conformation, discharges, and...

Author(s): Vitalis Hippolyte Lyaruu
Year: 2010
Journal: PhD Thesis
Page Numbers: 1-105
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External features of giraffe

1.59 MB 2 downloads


Abstract: In the wild it is difficult to decide with certainty which giraffe calf belongs to which mother and impossible to determine the calf's father. It is only in zoos that an offspring's parents are known so...

Author(s): Anne Innis Dagg
Year: 1968
Journal: Mammalia
Page Numbers: 657 - 669
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Fatal Herpesvirus Encephalitis in a Reticulated Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata)

472.32 KB 2 downloads


Abstract: Fatal meningoencephalitis caused by equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) was diagnosed in a reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulate). The giraffe died following a history of stumbling, incoordination,...

Author(s): M. J. Hoenerhoff, E. B. Janovitz, L. K. Richman, D. A Murphy, T. C. Butler, M. Kiupel
Year: 2006
Journal: Veterinary Pathology Online
Page Numbers: 1-5
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How giraffes prevent oedema

442.63 KB 10 downloads


Abstract: An upright giraffe, by analogy with humans, ought to suffer massive oedema in its feet; moreover, when it lowers its head to drink, the blood should rush down into it and be unable to flow up again. New...

Author(s): T.]. Pedley
Year: 1987
Journal: Nature
Page Numbers: 13-14
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Organization of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic nuclei in the diencephalon, mibrain and pons of sub-adult male giraffes

2.16 MB 85 downloads


Abstract: The current study describes the nuclear organization and neuronal morphology of the cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic systems within the diencephalon, midbrain and pons of the giraffe...

Author(s): Faiza Bux, Adhil Bhagwandin, Kjell Fuxe, Paul R. Manger
Year: 2010
Journal: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
Page Numbers: 189–203
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Blood pressure and flow rate in the giraffe jugular vein

1.48 MB 22 downloads


Abstract: Experimental measurements in the jugular veins of upright giraffes have shown that the internal pressure is somewhat above atmospheric and increases with height above the heart. A simple model of steady...

Author(s): T. J. Pedley, B. S. Brook and R. S. Seymour
Year: 1996
Journal: Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
Page Numbers: 855-866
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The structure of the masseter muscle in the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

550.49 KB 20 downloads


Abstract: In the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis), the masseter muscle was divided into several layers. The superficial and more medial (second) tendinous sheets of the masseter muscle fused with each other at the...

Author(s): Sasaki M, Endo H, Kogiku H, Kitamura N, Yamada J, Yamamoto M, Arishima K and Hayashi Y
Year: 2001
Journal: Anatomia Histologia Embryologia
Page Numbers: 313-319