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The two types of cranial appendages in Giraffa camelopardalis (Mammalia, Artiodactyla)

1.26 MB 3 downloads


Abstract: The current consensus is that only one type of horn, the ossicone, exists in the giraffe and that the central or median horn is both structurally and developmentally similar to the paired parietal horns....

Author(s): N. Solounias & N. Tang
Year: 1990
Journal: Journal of Zoology London
Page Numbers: 293-302
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Functional Characterization of Ungulate Molars Using the Abrasion-Attrition Wear Gradient: A New Method for Reconstructing Paleodiets

507.10 KB 0 downloads


Abstract: The analysis of fossil ungulate cheek teeth has long been one of the main sources of information about the terrestrial environments of the Cenozoic, but the methods used to extract this information have...

Author(s): Mikael Fortelius and Nikos Solounias
Year: 2000
Journal: AMERICAN MUSEUM NOVITATES
Page Numbers: 1-36
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Giraffokeryx (Artiodactyla: Mammalia) Remains From the Lower Siwaliks of Pakistan

374.05 KB 3 downloads


Abstract: Giraffokeryx is represented in the middle Miocene vertebrate assemblage from the Chinji Formation by 13 remains. The material comprises predominantly isolated teeth, and a few fragments of maxilla and...

Author(s): Zafar Hameed Bhatti, Muhammad Akbar Khan, Muhammad Akhtar, Abdul Majid Khan, Abdul Ghaffar, Mehboob Iqbal, and Tasneem Ikram
Year: 2012
Journal: Pakistan Journal of Zoology
Page Numbers: 1623-1631
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The cervical anatomy of Samotherium, an intermediate-necked giraffid

1.35 MB 3 downloads


Abstract: Giraffidae are represented by many extinct species. The only two extant taxa possess diametrically contrasting cervical morphology, as the okapi is short-necked and the giraffe is exceptionally long-necked....

Author(s): Melinda Danowitz, Rebecca Domalski and Nikos Solounias
Year: 2015
Journal: Royal Society Open Science
Page Numbers: 1-17
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The extinct, giant giraffid Sivatherium giganteum: skeletal reconstruction and body mass estimation

400.33 KB 2 downloads


Abstract: Sivatherium giganteum is an extinct giraffid from the Plio–Pleistocene boundary of the Himalayan foothills. To date, there has been no rigorous skeletal reconstruction of this unusual mammal. Historical...

Author(s): Christopher Basu, Peter L. Falkingham and John R. Hutchinson
Year: 2016
Journal: Biology Letters
Page Numbers: 1-4
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The structure of the masseter muscle in the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

550.49 KB 20 downloads


Abstract: In the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis), the masseter muscle was divided into several layers. The superficial and more medial (second) tendinous sheets of the masseter muscle fused with each other at the...

Author(s): Sasaki M, Endo H, Kogiku H, Kitamura N, Yamada J, Yamamoto M, Arishima K and Hayashi Y
Year: 2001
Journal: Anatomia Histologia Embryologia
Page Numbers: 313-319
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Physiological cross-sectional area of the masticatory muscles in the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

788.94 KB 16 downloads


Abstract: Numerous studies have investigated how the skeletal morphology is related to feeding behaviour (Christiansen and Adolfssen 2005; Wroe et al. 2005; Christiansen and Wroe 2007; Ellis et al. 2009; Koyabu...

Author(s): Kaoru Furuuchi, Daisuke Koyabu, Kent Mori and Hideki Endo
Year: 2013
Journal: Mammal Study
Page Numbers: 67–71
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Necks for sex: sexual selection as an explanation for sauropod dinosaur neck elongation

1.45 MB 43 downloads


Abstract: The immensely long neck of a sauropod is one of the most familiar and striking of anatomical specializations among dinosaurs. Here, I use recently collected neontological and paleontological information...

Author(s): P. Senter
Year: 2006
Journal: Journal of Zoology
Page Numbers: 45-53
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The origins of the scientific study and classification of giraffes

806.50 KB 21 downloads


Abstract: Giraffes have been known for many thousands of years from rock art and Egyptian artefacts, displayed by Roman emperors at games and triumphs between 46BC and AD274, and briefly exhibited in the zoos of...

Author(s): G. Mitchell FRSSAf
Year: 2009
Journal: Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa
Page Numbers: 1-13
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The distribution and population status of the elusive okapi, Okapia johnstoni

345.55 KB 24 downloads


Abstract: The okapi (Okapia johnstoni) is one of only two remaining giraffid species. This elusive animal is endemic to the central and north-eastern rainforest of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and is poorly...

Author(s): Noëlle F. Kümpel, Alex Quinn and Sophie Grange
Year: 2015
Journal: African Journal of Ecology
Page Numbers: 242–245