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The two types of cranial appendages in Giraffa camelopardalis (Mammalia, Artiodactyla)

1.26 MB 3 downloads


Abstract: The current consensus is that only one type of horn, the ossicone, exists in the giraffe and that the central or median horn is both structurally and developmentally similar to the paired parietal horns....

Author(s): N. Solounias & N. Tang
Year: 1990
Journal: Journal of Zoology London
Page Numbers: 293-302
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The structure of the masseter muscle in the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

550.49 KB 20 downloads


Abstract: In the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis), the masseter muscle was divided into several layers. The superficial and more medial (second) tendinous sheets of the masseter muscle fused with each other at the...

Author(s): Sasaki M, Endo H, Kogiku H, Kitamura N, Yamada J, Yamamoto M, Arishima K and Hayashi Y
Year: 2001
Journal: Anatomia Histologia Embryologia
Page Numbers: 313-319
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Physiological cross-sectional area of the masticatory muscles in the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

788.94 KB 16 downloads


Abstract: Numerous studies have investigated how the skeletal morphology is related to feeding behaviour (Christiansen and Adolfssen 2005; Wroe et al. 2005; Christiansen and Wroe 2007; Ellis et al. 2009; Koyabu...

Author(s): Kaoru Furuuchi, Daisuke Koyabu, Kent Mori and Hideki Endo
Year: 2013
Journal: Mammal Study
Page Numbers: 67–71
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The origins of the scientific study and classification of giraffes

806.50 KB 21 downloads


Abstract: Giraffes have been known for many thousands of years from rock art and Egyptian artefacts, displayed by Roman emperors at games and triumphs between 46BC and AD274, and briefly exhibited in the zoos of...

Author(s): G. Mitchell FRSSAf
Year: 2009
Journal: Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa
Page Numbers: 1-13
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Horns and other bony structures of the skull of the giraffe, and their functional significance

586.18 KB 76 downloads


Abstract: The gross morphology of the giraffe skull and its superficial anatomy is described. The parietal, median, occipital, orbital, azygous horns and other exostoses are described. The giraffe's peculiar mode...

Author(s): C. A. Spinage
Year: 1968
Journal: East African Wildlife Journal
Page Numbers: 53-61
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The North Rhodesian Giraffe

943.47 KB 25 downloads


Abstract: A description and analysis of a museum specimen obtained from north-east Rhodesia as compared to other established subspecies ("races") of giraffe.  Key Words: Giraffe, Rhodesia, Lydekker, specimen, analysis,...

Author(s): R. Lydekker
Year: 1912
Journal: Unknown
Page Numbers: 771-773