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The Interrelationships of Higher Ruminant Families with Special Emphasis on the Members of the Cervoidea

12.77 MB 0 downloads


Abstract: We analyze the interrelationships of the higher (Pecoran) ruminants, and suggest possible relationships between these families and the various genera of the polyphyletic assemblage "Gelocidae." We also...

Author(s): Christine M. Janis & Kathleen M. Scott
Year: 1987
Journal: Novitates by the American Museum of Natural History
Page Numbers: 1-88
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The two types of cranial appendages in Giraffa camelopardalis (Mammalia, Artiodactyla)

1.26 MB 3 downloads


Abstract: The current consensus is that only one type of horn, the ossicone, exists in the giraffe and that the central or median horn is both structurally and developmentally similar to the paired parietal horns....

Author(s): N. Solounias & N. Tang
Year: 1990
Journal: Journal of Zoology London
Page Numbers: 293-302
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A guide to estimating the age of Masai giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi)

8.96 MB 0 downloads


Abstract: This is a guide for estimating the age of Masai giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi) with noninvasive methods.  Giraffes are commonly categorized into three age classes: calf (0 – 1 year),...

Author(s): Megan K.L. Strauss
Year: 2015
Journal: Unknown
Page Numbers: 1-57
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Comparisons of Schansitherium tafeli with Samotherium boissieri (Giraffidae, Mammalia) from the Late Miocene of Gansu Province, China

11.92 MB 0 downloads


Abstract: We are describing and figuring for the first time skulls of Schansitherium tafeli, which are abundant in the Gansu area of China from the Late Miocene. They were animals about the size of Samotherium with...

Author(s): Sukuan Hou, Michael Cydylo, Melinda Danowitz & Nikos Solounias
Year: 2019
Journal: PLOS One
Page Numbers: 1-29
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External features of giraffe

1.59 MB 2 downloads


Abstract: In the wild it is difficult to decide with certainty which giraffe calf belongs to which mother and impossible to determine the calf's father. It is only in zoos that an offspring's parents are known so...

Author(s): Anne Innis Dagg
Year: 1968
Journal: Mammalia
Page Numbers: 657 - 669
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Growth patterns and masses of the heads and necks of male and female giraffes

933.11 KB 19 downloads


Abstract: We have analyzed the growth patterns of the head and neck of 65 male and 71 female giraffes from two different populations of giraffes, and also the dimensions of 19 different components of the head and...

Author(s): G. Mitchell, D. Roberts, S. van Sittert and J. D. Skinner
Year: 2013
Journal: Journal of Zoology
Page Numbers: 1-9
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Development of the Giraffe Horn and Its Blood Supply

1.68 MB 33 downloads


Abstract: The giraffe horn is an unusual cranial exostosis that lacks clear delineation and categorization as either horn or antler. The distinction between the two is made by contrasting their methods of development...

Author(s): Tim Ganey, John Ogden and John Olsen
Year: 1990
Journal: The Anatomical Record
Page Numbers: 497-507
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Giraffe and okapi medicine and surgery

26.52 KB 43 downloads


Abstract: An overview on medicine and surgery in giraffe and okapi. Includes details on their unique anatomy and physiology, an overview on both physical and chemical restraint of these species, and information...

Author(s): M.E. Fowler
Year: 1980
Journal: Unknown
Page Numbers: 1-4
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The Luangwa Valley Giraffe

4.48 MB 23 downloads


Abstract: Observations by the author on Giraffa camelopardalis thornicrofti between 1963 and 1969 are supplemented by other data. Its distribution in recent years has extended northwards as far as 11*50' South on...

Author(s): P.S.M. Berry
Year: 1972
Journal: The Puku
Page Numbers: 71-92
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Horns and other bony structures of the skull of the giraffe, and their functional significance

586.18 KB 76 downloads


Abstract: The gross morphology of the giraffe skull and its superficial anatomy is described. The parietal, median, occipital, orbital, azygous horns and other exostoses are described. The giraffe's peculiar mode...

Author(s): C. A. Spinage
Year: 1968
Journal: East African Wildlife Journal
Page Numbers: 53-61