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Observations On Lactation And Milk Composition Of The Giraffe Giraffa Camelopardalis

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Abstract: Milk samples collected from giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis in the eastern Transvaal Lowveld of South Africa were analysed by conventional methods. Changes in the composition of the milk at different stages...

Author(s): A.J. Hall-Martin, J.D. Skinner & A. Smith
Year: 1977
Journal: South African Journal of Wildlife Research
Page Numbers: 67-71
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The binucleate cell of Okapi and Giraffe placenta shows distinctive glycosylation compared with other ruminants: A lectin histochemical study

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Abstract: The placenta of ruminants contains characteristic binucleate cells (BNC) with a highly conserved glycan structure which evolved early in Ruminant phylogenesis. Giraffe and Okapi placentae also contain...

Author(s): Carolyn J.P. Jones, Sandra A. Wilsher, F.B.P. Wooding, K. Benirschke and W.R. Allen
Year: 2015
Journal: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Page Numbers: 184-190
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Sonomorphology of the reproductive tract in male and pregnant and non-pregnant female Rothschild’s giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis rotschildi)

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Abstract: The application of real-time-B-mode ultrasonography to wild and zoo animal medicine has been shown to improve the understanding of reproductive physiology in many species. Ultrasound technology is especially...

Author(s): Imke Lueders, Cheryl Niemuller, Jason Pootoolal, Peter Rich, Charlie Gray, Wolf Jürgen Streich, Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt
Year: 2009
Journal: Theriogenology
Page Numbers: 22-31
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Testicular disorder of sexual development with cryptorchidism, penile hypoplasia and hypospadias in a giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis giraffa)

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Abstract: Disorders of sexual development (DSD) in wild mammals are rarely described. A male South African giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis giraffa) was identified with bilateral cryptorchidism. The testes were intra-abdominal,...

Author(s): Janine Meuffels, Ilse Luther-Binoir, Willem Daffue, Francois Deacon, Emily P. Mitchell
Year: 2020
Journal: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
Page Numbers: 1-6
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Placental morphology in African antelopes and giraffes

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Abstract: Delivered placentas from nineteen antelopes and five giraffes and placentas from five antelopes dead during parturition and eight antelopes dead during advanced pregnancy were morphologically examined....

Author(s): Petr Hradecky
Year: 1983
Journal: Journal of Theriogenology
Page Numbers: 725-734
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The structural organization of the carotid arterial system of the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

5.29 MB 10 downloads


Abstract: Carotid arteries in the giraffe were removed and their structural organization studied with light microscopy. It has been shown that the carotid artery has a largely muscular structure in the adult except...

Author(s): James Kirumbi Kimani
Year: 1983
Journal: African Journal of Ecology
Page Numbers: 317-324
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Observations on puberty and pregnancy in female giraffe (giraffa camelopardalis)

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Abstract: The age at sexual maturity in the female giraffe G. camelopardalis was found to be 3 years 10 months when in captivity and 4 years 8 months in wild animals. The mean calving interval was 19.9 months for...

Author(s): A. J. Hall-Martin and J. D. Skinner
Year: 1978
Journal: South African Journal of Wildlife Research
Page Numbers: 91-94
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Urinary Steroid Evaluations to Monitor Ovarian Function in Exotic Ungulates: II. Comparison Between the Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) and the Okapi (Okapia johnstoni)

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Abstract: Ovarian activity in the female giraffe was evaluated during the nonfertile ovarian cycle and during the terminal stages of gestation. Progesterone metabolites, in the form of pregnanediol‐3‐glucuronide...

Author(s): Naida M. Loskutoff, Leslie Walker, Janis E. Ott-Joslin, Bonnie L. Raphael and Bill L. Lasley
Year: 1986
Journal: Zoo Biology
Page Numbers: 331-338
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Dystocia in a Rothschild Giraffe at the African Fund for Endangered Wildlife, Nairobi, Kenya

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Abstract: A 15-year old female Rothschild Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi) weighing approximately 800kg, at the African Fund for Endangered Wildlife (AFEW), Giraffe Center, Langata, Nairobi, Kenya was...

Author(s): Kaitho T. D., Limo C. K., Rono B. and Ndambiri E. M.
Year: 2011
Journal: Veterinary World
Page Numbers: 565-568
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The development of the reproductive organs of the male giraffe, Giraffa camelopardalis

3.69 MB 17 downloads


Abstract: The reproductive organs of the male giraffe differ little in morphology and histology from those of other ungulates. There is some indication that gonadal hypertrophy occurs in late fetal life. Spermatogenesis...

Author(s): A. J. Hall-Martin, J. D. Skinner and B. J. Hopkins
Year: 1978
Journal: Journal of Reproduction and Fertility
Page Numbers: 1-7