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A guide to estimating the age of Masai giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi)

8.96 MB 0 downloads


Abstract: This is a guide for estimating the age of Masai giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi) with noninvasive methods.  Giraffes are commonly categorized into three age classes: calf (0 – 1 year),...

Author(s): Megan K.L. Strauss
Year: 2015
Journal: Unknown
Page Numbers: 1-57
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First comprehensive morphological analysis on the metapodials of Giraffidae

10.65 MB 2 downloads


Abstract: Giraffids are a group of relict pecoran ruminants with only two living taxa. During the Miocene, however, this group was much more diverse, with more than 20 different species showing a wide range of variability....

Author(s): Maria Rios, Melinda Danowitz, and Nikos Solounias
Year: 2016
Journal: Palaeontologia Electronica
Page Numbers: 1-40
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Ontogenetic similarities between giraffe and sauropod neck osteological mobility

4.40 MB 0 downloads


Abstract: The functional morphology of sauropod dinosaur long necks has been studied extensively, with virtual approaches yielding results that are difficult to obtain with actual fossils, due to their extreme fragility...

Author(s): Daniel Vidal, Pedro Mocho, Adrian Paramo, Jose Luis Sanz, Francisco Ortega
Year: 2020
Journal: PLOS ONE
Page Numbers: 1-25
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The Giraffe’s Long Neck : From Evolutionary Fable to Whole Organism

6.25 MB 2 downloads


Abstract: A LONE GIRAFFE BULL STOOD at the edge of the scrubby bush forest that opened into a grassland. It was August, the beginning of spring, but also the middle of the dry season in the southern African savannah....

Author(s): Craig Holdrege
Year: 2005
Journal: The Nature Institute
Page Numbers: i-104
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Scaling of mammalian long bones: small and large mammals compared

224.80 KB 1 downloads


Abstract: Long bones from a taxonomically diverse assemblage of extant terrestrial mammals, spanning more than three orders of magnitude in body mass, have been measured in order to evaluate earlier models proposed...

Author(s): Per Christiansen
Year: 1999
Journal: J.Zool., Lond.
Page Numbers: 333-348
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Osteophagia and bone modifications by giraffe and other large ungulates

5.34 MB 3 downloads


Abstract: Ungulates often gnaw on animal bones, antlers, horns, and ivory in order to maintain certain nutritional requirements. The resulting modifications to bones and other skeletal elements have been variously...

Author(s): Jarod M. Hutson, Chrissina C. Burke and Gary Haynes
Year: 2013
Journal: Journal of Archaeological Science
Page Numbers: 4139-4149
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The extinct, giant giraffid Sivatherium giganteum: skeletal reconstruction and body mass estimation

400.33 KB 2 downloads


Abstract: Sivatherium giganteum is an extinct giraffid from the Plio–Pleistocene boundary of the Himalayan foothills. To date, there has been no rigorous skeletal reconstruction of this unusual mammal. Historical...

Author(s): Christopher Basu, Peter L. Falkingham and John R. Hutchinson
Year: 2016
Journal: Biology Letters
Page Numbers: 1-4
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Giraffe genome sequence reveals clues to its unique morphology and physiology

947.04 KB 36 downloads


Abstract: The origins of giraffe’s imposing stature and associated cardiovascular adaptations are unknown. Okapi, which lacks these unique features, is giraffe’s closest relative and provides a useful comparison,...

Author(s): Morris Agaba, Edson Ishengoma, Webb C. Miller, Barbara C. McGrath, Chelsea N. Hudson, Oscar C. Bedoya Reina, Aakrosh Ratan, Rico Burhans, Rayan Chikhi, Paul Medvedev, Craig A. Praul, Lan Wu-Cavener, Brendan Wood, Heather Robertson, Linda Penfold and Douglas R. Cavener
Year: 2016
Journal: Nature Communications
Page Numbers: 1-8
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Scaling of the Appendicular Skeleton of the Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

586.70 KB 18 downloads


Abstract: Giraffes have remarkably long and slender limb bones, but it is unknown how they grow with regard to body mass, sex, and neck length. In this study, we measured the length, mediolateral (ML) diameter,...

Author(s): Sybrand van Sittert, John Skinner and Graham Mitchell
Year: 2015
Journal: Journal of Morphology
Page Numbers: 503-516
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Observations on the giraffe central nervous system related to the corticospinal tract, motor cortex and spinal cord: what difference does a long neck make?

2.89 MB 17 downloads


Abstract: The mammalian corticospinal tract is known to contain axons that travel from the cerebral cortex to various levels of the spinal cord and its main function is thought to be the mediation of voluntary movement....

Author(s): N. L. Badlangana, A. Bhagwandin, K. Fuxe And P. R. Manger
Year: 2007
Journal: Neuroscience
Page Numbers: 522-534