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The Interrelationships of Higher Ruminant Families with Special Emphasis on the Members of the Cervoidea

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Abstract: We analyze the interrelationships of the higher (Pecoran) ruminants, and suggest possible relationships between these families and the various genera of the polyphyletic assemblage "Gelocidae." We also...

Author(s): Christine M. Janis & Kathleen M. Scott
Year: 1987
Journal: Novitates by the American Museum of Natural History
Page Numbers: 1-88
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Brachygnathia Superior in a New-Born Giraffe Giraffa Camelopardalis Giraffa Schreber

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Abstract: A female giraffe, the sixth calf born to a 16-year old cow, displayed a deformity known as extreme brachygnathia superior and died some hours after birth. Death was ascribed to inability to breathe freely...

Author(s): C.J. Lightfoot
Year: 1977
Journal: South African Journal of Wildlife Research
Page Numbers: 111-112
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New Fossils of Giraffokeryx (Mammalia: Cetartiodactyla: Giraffidae) from Chinji Formation, Pakistan

731.97 KB 0 downloads


Abstract: This paper describes new fossils of Giraffokeryx originating from the Chinji Formation of northern Pakistan. The fossils, representing worth describing hemimandibles, are collected from the Middle Miocene...

Author(s): Khalid Mahmood, Muhammad Akbar Khan, Muhammad Khaled Siddiq, Muhammad Adeeb Babar and Muhammad Akhtar
Year: 2015
Journal: Pakistan Journal of Zoology
Page Numbers: 367-375
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A guide to estimating the age of Masai giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi)

8.96 MB 1 downloads


Abstract: This is a guide for estimating the age of Masai giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi) with noninvasive methods.  Giraffes are commonly categorized into three age classes: calf (0 – 1 year),...

Author(s): Megan K.L. Strauss
Year: 2015
Journal: Unknown
Page Numbers: 1-57
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Comparisons of Schansitherium tafeli with Samotherium boissieri (Giraffidae, Mammalia) from the Late Miocene of Gansu Province, China

11.92 MB 0 downloads


Abstract: We are describing and figuring for the first time skulls of Schansitherium tafeli, which are abundant in the Gansu area of China from the Late Miocene. They were animals about the size of Samotherium with...

Author(s): Sukuan Hou, Michael Cydylo, Melinda Danowitz & Nikos Solounias
Year: 2019
Journal: PLOS One
Page Numbers: 1-29
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Organization of cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic nuclei in the diencephalon, mibrain and pons of sub-adult male giraffes

2.16 MB 87 downloads


Abstract: The current study describes the nuclear organization and neuronal morphology of the cholinergic, putative catecholaminergic and serotonergic systems within the diencephalon, midbrain and pons of the giraffe...

Author(s): Faiza Bux, Adhil Bhagwandin, Kjell Fuxe, Paul R. Manger
Year: 2010
Journal: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
Page Numbers: 189–203
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The structure of the masseter muscle in the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

550.49 KB 24 downloads


Abstract: In the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis), the masseter muscle was divided into several layers. The superficial and more medial (second) tendinous sheets of the masseter muscle fused with each other at the...

Author(s): Sasaki M, Endo H, Kogiku H, Kitamura N, Yamada J, Yamamoto M, Arishima K and Hayashi Y
Year: 2001
Journal: Anatomia Histologia Embryologia
Page Numbers: 313-319
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Observations on the giraffe central nervous system related to the corticospinal tract, motor cortex and spinal cord: what difference does a long neck make?

2.89 MB 19 downloads


Abstract: The mammalian corticospinal tract is known to contain axons that travel from the cerebral cortex to various levels of the spinal cord and its main function is thought to be the mediation of voluntary movement....

Author(s): N. L. Badlangana, A. Bhagwandin, K. Fuxe And P. R. Manger
Year: 2007
Journal: Neuroscience
Page Numbers: 522-534
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Growth patterns and masses of the heads and necks of male and female giraffes

933.11 KB 21 downloads


Abstract: We have analyzed the growth patterns of the head and neck of 65 male and 71 female giraffes from two different populations of giraffes, and also the dimensions of 19 different components of the head and...

Author(s): G. Mitchell, D. Roberts, S. van Sittert and J. D. Skinner
Year: 2013
Journal: Journal of Zoology
Page Numbers: 1-9
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Enamel hypoplasia provides insights into early systemic stress in wild and captive giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis)

135.91 KB 28 downloads


Abstract: Enamel hypoplasia, a developmental tooth defect, provides a permanent record of systemic stress during early life. The incidence and distribution of linear enamel hypoplasia has been used by anthropologists...

Author(s): Tamara A. Franz-Odendaal
Year: 2004
Journal: Journal of Zoology
Page Numbers: 197–206