Does tooth wear influence ageing? A comparative study across large herbivores

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Abstract: We test whether the intensity of tooth wear influences the strength of actuarial senescence across species of large herbivores. We collected from the literature data on tooth wear in the wild (measured...

Author(s): Jean-Michel Gaillard, Vérane Berger, Morgane Tidière, Patrick Duncan and Jean-François Lemaître
Year: 2015
Journal: Experimental Gerontology
Page Numbers: 1-31

New Fossils of Giraffokeryx (Mammalia: Cetartiodactyla: Giraffidae) from Chinji Formation, Pakistan

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Abstract: This paper describes new fossils of Giraffokeryx originating from the Chinji Formation of northern Pakistan. The fossils, representing worth describing hemimandibles, are collected from the Middle Miocene...

Author(s): Khalid Mahmood, Muhammad Akbar Khan, Muhammad Khaled Siddiq, Muhammad Adeeb Babar and Muhammad Akhtar
Year: 2015
Journal: Pakistan Journal of Zoology
Page Numbers: 367-375

Mesowear study of ungulates from the early Pleistocene site of ‘Ubeidiya (Israel) and the implications for early Homo dispersal from Africa

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Abstract: An ongoing question in Anthropology and Archaeology focuses on the role of climate change in human evolution and particularly in the dispersal of hominins out of Africa. One of the main hypothesis posits...

Author(s): Miriam Belmaker & Haley D. O'Brien
Year: 2017
Journal: Quaternary International
Page Numbers: 1-12

Key innovations in ruminant evolution: A paleontological perspective

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Abstract: Key innovations are newly acquired structures that permit the performance of a new function and open new adaptive zones, and are, therefore, of paramount significance for understanding the history of the...

Author(s): Daniel DeMiguel, Beatriz Azanza and Jorge Morales
Year: 2014
Journal: Journal: Integrative Zoology
Page Numbers: 412-433

Molecular and Morphological Phylogenies of Ruminantia and the Alternative Position of the Moschidae

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Abstract: The ruminants constitute the largest group of ungulates, with >190 species, and its distribution is widespread throughout all continents except Australia and Antarctica. Six families are traditionally...

Author(s): Alexandre Hassanin and Emmanuel J. P. Douzery
Year: 2003
Journal: Systematic Biology
Page Numbers: 206-228

Hypsodonty and tooth facet development in relation to diet and habitat in herbivorous ungulates: implications for understanding tooth wear

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Abstract: 1. The evolution of high-crowned teeth or hypsodonty in herbivorous mammals is widely interpreted as a species specific adaptation to increasingly wear-inducing diets and environments at evolutionary time...

Author(s): Thomas M. Kaiser, Dennis W. H. Müller, Mikael Fortelius, Ellen Schulz, Daryl Codron & Marcus Clauss
Year: 2011
Journal: Mammal Review
Page Numbers: 34-46

Ancestral feeding state of ruminants reconsidered: earliest grazing adaptation claims a mixed condition for Cervidae

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Abstract: Background: Specialised leaf-eating is almost universally regarded as the ancestral state of all ruminants, yet little evidence can be cited in support of this assumption, apart from the fact that all...

Author(s): Daniel DeMiguel, Mikael Fortelius, Beatriz Azanza and Jorge Morales
Year: 2008
Journal: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Page Numbers: 1-13

Functional Characterization of Ungulate Molars Using the Abrasion-Attrition Wear Gradient: A New Method for Reconstructing Paleodiets

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Abstract: The analysis of fossil ungulate cheek teeth has long been one of the main sources of information about the terrestrial environments of the Cenozoic, but the methods used to extract this information have...

Author(s): Mikael Fortelius and Nikos Solounias
Year: 2000
Page Numbers: 1-36

Enamel ridge alignment in upper molars of ruminants in relation to their natural diet

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Abstract: Although it is generally thought that dental design reflects mechanical adaptations to particular diets, concrete concepts of such adaptations beyond the evolution of hypsodonty are largely missing. We...

Author(s): T. M. Kaiser, J. Fickel, W. J. Streich, J. Hummel & M. Clauss
Year: 2010
Journal: Journal of Zoology
Page Numbers: 12-25