Colonic obstruction in three captive reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata)

Author(s)Michelle R. Davis, Jennifer N. Langan, Natalie D. Mylniczenko, Keith Benson, Nadine Lamberski and Jan Ramer
Year Published2009
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Page Numbers181–188
Size1.40 MB
Abstract:

Fatal colonic obstructions were diagnosed in three captive, adult, reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata). Clinical presentations varied, but all cases displayed decreased activity, anorexia, and considerably decreased fecal production, consistent with intestinal obstruction. Case 1 was diagnosed at necropsy with a phytobezoar obstructing the spiral colon. Case 2 was diagnosed at necropsy with a fecal impaction of the colon. Case 3 was diagnosed during surgery with colonic ileus. Cases 2 and 3 underwent surgical intervention but were markedly compromised by the time of surgery and died during surgery or 24 hr postoperatively. Gastrointestinal obstruction, requiring aggressive supportive care and early surgical intervention, should be considered in giraffe in which anorexia and substantially decreased fecal production are observed. Abdominal exploratory surgery will likely be necessary for diagnosis and treatment. Based on a small number of cases, gastrointestinal obstruction has a poor prognosis in giraffe.

Keywords: Reticulated giraffe, Giraffa camelopardalis reticulate, Intestinal obstruction, Phytobezoar, Fecal impaction, Ileus

Authors: Michelle R. Davis, Jennifer N. Langan, Natalie D. Mylniczenko, Keith Benson, Nadine Lamberski and Jan Ramer

Journal: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine

 


FileAction
Davis-et-al.-2009-Colonic-obstruction-in-three-captive-reticulated-g.pdfDownload 
Terms and Conditions: Any PDF files provided by the GRC are for personal use only and may not be reproduced. The files reflect the holdings of the GRC library and only contain pages relevant to giraffe study, and may not be complete. Users are obliged to follow all copyright restrictions.