Comparison of anesthesia of adult giraffe (Giraffa Camelopardalis) using medetomidine-ketamine with and without a potent opioid

Author(s)Katie W. Delk, Khursheed R. Mama, Sangeeta Rao, Robin W. Radcliffe, and Nadine Lamberski
Year Published2019
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Page Numbers457-460
Size214.91 KB

Two anesthetic protocols in adult giraffe were compared by retrospective study. Thirteen anesthesia records for medetomidine-ketamine (MK) and seven for medetomidine-ketamine with a potent opioid (MKO) were evaluated for differences in demographic, behavioral, drug, and respiratory parameters. Giraffe stood significantly more quickly with MKO vs MK though MK animals were physically restrained to preclude premature standing as part of normal recovery practices (5.5 min vs 21.4 min, P ¼ 0.01). Regurgitation was recorded in 5/13 and resedation in 4/13 MK animals. The range of values for blood lactate was higher in MKO (5.18–11.25 mM/L) than in MK giraffe (0.78–6.08 mM/L). Despite limitations of a retrospective study, both MK and MKO giraffe anesthesia protocols exhibit benefits and side effects. Awareness and management of these factors will improve outcomes until standardized, prospective studies of giraffe immobilization offer more comprehensive guidance on protocol selection.

Keywords: Anesthesia, Giraffa camelopardalis, giraffe, potent opioid, resedation

Authors: Katie W. Delk, Khursheed R. Mama, Sangeeta Rao, Robin W. Radcliffe, and Nadine Lamberski

Journal: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine

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