Digestive tract pathology of captive giraffe (Giraffa Camelopardalis). A unifying hypothesis

Author(s)Marcus Clauss, M. Lechner-Doll, E. J. Flach, J. Wisser and Jean-Michel Hatt
Year Published2002
JournalProceedings of the European Association of Zoo and Wildlife Veterinarians
Page Numbers99-107
Size1.14 MB
Abstract:

Captive giraffe (Giraffa Camelopardalis) are affected by four major pathological conditions linked to their nutrition: (1) the so-called “peracute mortality syndrome” with complete absence and serious atrophy of body fat stores, (2) phytobezoars, i.e. Fibrous conglomerates  of plant material, in the omasum and abomasums (3) rumen acidosis or (4) partial loss of dorsal ruminal papillation. We hypothesise that all four conditions can be explained by the fact that the giraffe, like other browsing ruminants, is not adapted to grass or lucerne hay, and ingests this material in comparatively lesser amounts than grazing ruminants would.

Keywords: Giraffa camelopardalis, peracute mortality syndrome, phytobezoar, rumen acidosis, physical structure of forage, browser/grazer-dichotomy

Authors: Marcus Clauss, M. Lechner-Doll, E. J. Flach, J. Wisser and Jean-Michel Hatt 

Journal: Proceedings of the European Association of Zoo and Wildlife Veterinarians


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