Hierarchical foraging by giraffe in a heterogeneous savannah, Tanzania

Author(s)Obeid Mahenya, Karen Marie Mathisen, Harry P. Andreassen and Christina Skarpe
Year Published2016
JournalAfrican Journal of Ecology
Page Numbers1-10
Size316.15 KB

Understanding foraging decisions made by wildlife at different spatio-temporal scales is important for wildlife management and conservation. We tested whether foraging decisions by Masai giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi Matschie) differed with scales; habitat, patch and tree in a heterogeneous savannah. We collected data from Arusha National Park, Tanzania, in March–May and August–October 2013. Visual observations were used to collect data on foraging behaviour. Measurements of tree height and stem height and scoring of accumulated browsing were made in 133 patches around trees where the giraffes had been seen browsing, and in a corresponding number of available patches. Giraffes selected Acacia shrub and Dodonea shrub habitats but not for water availability or predator avoidance. For patch use, giraffe selected high quantity of Acacia xanthophloea and Dodonea viscosa. Between plant species, A. xanthophloea was the most preferred and within plant species, tree quality was enhanced by tree height and high score of accumulated browsing. Generally, giraffes selected for A. xanthophloea at all scales.

Keywords: Acacia xanthophloea, Arusha National Park, browsing, Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi, patch, scale
Authors: Obeid Mahenya, Karen Marie Mathisen, Harry P. Andreassen and Christina Skarpe
Journal: African Journal of Ecology

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