|Author(s)||José Vicente López-Bao|
The number of giraffes in Africa has plunged by 36 to 40% in only three decades, mainly due to habitat loss, human conflicts, and poaching (1). The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List recently listed giraffes as Vulnerable to becoming endangered (1). Out of nine recognized giraffe subspecies, four are decreasing (1). Moreover, for five subspecies, current population estimates are fewer than 2000 individuals (1). Although more than 36,000 species are currently listed by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which aims to ensure that international trade does not compromise species survival, giraffes remain unlisted. Therefore, international trade in this species, and its potential impact on giraffes, is not subject to scrutiny.
Keywords: Giraffe, Reasons for decline, Wildlife trade, CITIES, Conservation
Author: José Vicente López-Bao