Surgical Castration of Subadult Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

Author(s)Rose Borkowski DVM, Scott Citino DVM, DACZM, Mitch Bush DVM, DACZM, Paul Wollenman DVM, and Brenda Irvine BSc
Year Published2009
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Page Numbers786-790
Size714.03 KB

Surgical castration of giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) has not been commonly performed. Large domestic animal castration has a significant complication rate that includes postoperative mortality. Documentation of castration techniques and complications in large domestic animals occurs regularly. However, literature describing castration experiences with large zoo mammals is spares. In addition, a suitable anesthetic regimen for surgical castration of giraffe has not been confirmed. Open castration using an emasculator plus ligation was performed in three subadult giraffe weighing 555-711 kg. Scrotal incisions were left open and healed in about 6 wk. One animal developed scrotal dermatitis. No other complications occurred. As also scrotal healing can increase the risk of ascending infection, partial or complete scrotal closure for giraffe may warrant consideration. Experiences with there animals also suggest that closed or modified closed castration may be considered for giraffe of this size. Thiafentanil, medetomidine, and ketamine plus local lidocaine provided suitable anesthesia for surgical castration.

Key Words: Anesthesia, behavior modification, castration, Giraffa camelopardalis, giraffe, population control

Authors: Rose Borkowski DVM, Scott Citino DVM, DACZM, Mitch Bush DVM, DACZM, Paul Wollenman DVM, and Brenda Irvine BSc

Journal: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine

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