The impact of tourist hunting on large mammals in Tanzania: an initial assessment

Author(s)T.M. Caro, N. Pelkey, M. Borner, E.L. Severre, K.L.I. Campbell, S.A. Huish, J. Ole Kuwai, B.P. Farm and B.L. Woodworth
Year Published1998
JournalAfrican Journal of Ecology
Page Numbers321-346
Size770.02 KB
Abstract:

In Tanzania, where tourist hunting is employed as a conservation too for habitat protection, information on population sizes and hunting offtake was used to assess the impact of tourist hunting on mammal densities. In general, tourist hunting pressure was unrelated to local population sizes, but for most species, animals were removed at a level of less than 10% of the local population size, suggesting that over-exploitation was unlikely. Eland, however, and perhaps small antelope, bushbuck, kudu, and reedbuck, were hunted at levels which may be unsustainable in the long term. Analyses also identified areas of Tanzania with high levels of tourist hunting pressure, showed that, in certain areas, species with small population sizes such as eland could be declining as a result of tourist hunting, and suggested that current levels of lion and leopard offtake are too high. These findings, although preliminary, allow recommendations to be put forward for changing hunting quotas for certain species in particular areas of Tanzania.

Key Words: mammal densities, Tanzania, tourist hunting

Authors: T.M. Caro, N. Pelkey, M. Borner, E.L. Severre, K.L.I. Campbell, S.A. Huish, J. Ole Kuwai, B.P. Farm and B.L. Woodworth

Journal: African Journal of Ecology 


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