The past distribution of giraffe in KwaZulu-Natal

Author(s)M.D. Cramer and A.D. Mazel
Year Published2007
JournalSouth African Journal of Wildlife Research
Page Numbers197-201
Size124.43 KB

Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) are though to be introduced aliens in KawZulu-Natal, an area in which they flourish today. This perception was based on lack of reference to sightings of giraffe in early colonial literature and the lack of giraffe remains in archeological sites within KwaZulu-Natal. We have reviewed the literature and found no reliable reference to giraffe in early colonial writings and no reports of rock art featuring giraffe in the area. However, there are recent reports of the recovery of giraffe bones from the Middle Stone Age deposits at Sibudu Shelter, the Holocene hunter-gatherer deposits at Maqonqo Shelter and from the Early Iron Age agriculturist site of KwaGandaganda, all within KwaZulu-Natal. We argue that giraffe were present 1000 BP (date of most recent excavation evidencing giraffe remains), but had died out or been extripated by c. 220 BP (date of written accounts). The demise of giraffe between 1000 and 220 BP may be linked to disease, climate change or anthropogenic causes. The finding of giraffe remains within KwaZulu-Natal raises the possibility that they should be considered as native to the area.

Key Words: Acacia, alien, archaeology, biodiversity, bones

Authors: M.D. Cramer and A.D. Mazel

Journal: South African Journal of Wildlife Research 2007 197-201

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