Both the discussions of the vascular system of the giraffe…mention venous valves, but both overlook the special 'seried' valves found at the entry of major tributaries into the axillary and brachial veins, though not into the jugular. Fewer occur in the closely-related okapi and some in jugular and femoral veins of the bactrian camel.
Key Words: vascular system, giraffe, valves, physiology, jugular vein, okapi, camel
Author: R.E. Rewell
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